Primary Education in Pakistan- Progress and Challenges!
Education is an important factor both in the day-to-day success of the child and in contributing to the personal, social, cultural and economic fulfillment of the future adult.
Primary Education in Pakistan aims to develop each child’s potential to the full, encourage a love of learning and help children to develop their skills that they will use all their lives. The primary stage of education is of prime importance for the building of career. This stage enables a child to raise a standard of his/her personality.
Improving quality of education is just as important as increase access to it for Pakistan. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Education for All (EFA) programs are global commitments of Pakistan for the promotion of literacy. Pakistan is also signatory to the MDG declaration. These goals form the basis for national development efforts for the increase of literacy level in Pakistan.
Primary Education in Pakistan is accepted as a basic right of everyone both at national and international level. The constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 clearly lays down the provision in Article 37 (b) that:
“The state of Pakistan shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory primary and secondary education within minimum possible period.”
The primary literacy gross enrolment rate stands at 85.9% by 2012 while Pakistan requires increasing it up to 100% by 2016 to fulfill EFA goals.
Economic Survey of Pakistan confirms that during the year 2013-14 literacy remained much higher in urban areas and the enrolment rate improved to 89%.
Pakistan is facing challenges in targeting the net primary enrolment rate. In 2005, 67% children enrolled in primary schools nearly 30% dropped out before completing 5 years of formal education. Net primary enrolment of Pakistan remains the lowest in South Asia and the same is true for the annual primary completion rates.
Primary education in Pakistan helps the person how different things are working and how they should be improved and operated.
Pakistani Educational System allow a child to grow with his aim but there are some issues, and problems are also laying that makes our educational system tough for every class of people. The literacy rate of Pakistan is less than other successful countries and that is the main reason that education is facing the challenges in Pakistan.
The challenges that lead to the comprehension of the problems which are faced in the development of educational system and promotion of literacy. The study outlines seven major problems such as:
- Lack of proper planning
- Social restrictions
- Cost of education
- Gender gap
- War on terror
- Funds for education
- Technical education
These are the main problems that Pakistan is facing to improve its educational system. Since education is a provincial subject, the provincial education secretariats need to be strengthened. Special policy planning units should be established in provinces’ education departments of implementation of educational policies and formation of new policies whenever needed.
EAST’s primary education aim revolves around a concept of “every child has a right to good education”. After discussing the importance and significance of primary education in Pakistan, it is easy to conclude that it is very important for every child to get primary education to gain more confidence and it is considered to be the main root of every education. Every educated man and woman should be filled with the strong sense of pride and honor for our common cultural tradition and history. Education is an art and technique to draw out full and the best of the boys and girls.
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